Cybersecurity has become a primary issue for practically every company these days. Organizations unacquainted with cyber-attacks and the harm it can cause fall prey to these attacks consistently. Accordingly, the most appropriate way for an organization to secure itself is to focus on proactive and comprehensive security testing techniques. The most effective testing approach to measure current security practices is known as penetration testing, also called “Pen-testing”.
This method of assessing cybersecurity involves the use of various manual and automated techniques to simulate an attack on an organization’s IT systems. It should be conducted by a qualified and independent expert, sometimes referred to as an “ethical security tester”. The goal of pen-testing is to try and exploit known vulnerabilities as well as leverage the expertise of the tester to identify other weaknesses and unknown vulnerabilities in an organization’s security arrangements. This method of testing involves an active analysis of the target system for any potential vulnerabilities that could result from poor or improper system configuration, known and unknown hardware or software flaws as well as operational weaknesses in system processes. This analysis is typically carried out from the position of a potential attacker and can involve active exploitation of security vulnerabilities.
A Penetration Test is typically an assessment of IT infrastructure, networks, and business applications to identify attack vectors, vulnerabilities, and control weaknesses. The two most common forms of penetration testing are:
A vulnerability assessment (sometimes referred to as ‘scanning’) is the use of automated tools to identify known common vulnerabilities in a system’s configuration. Vulnerability assessment tools scan the information system environment to establish whether security settings have been switched on and consistently applied – and that appropriate security patches have been deployed where required. Vulnerability assessments typically seek to validate the minimum level of security that should be applied and is often the precursor to more specialized penetration testing. It does not exploit the vulnerabilities identified to replicate a real attack, nor does it consider the overall security management processes and procedures that support the system. A penetration test is an ethical attack simulation that is intended to demonstrate or validate the effectiveness of security controls in a particular environment by highlighting risks posed by actual exploitable vulnerabilities. It is built around a manual testing process that is intended to go much further than the generic responses, false-positive findings, and lack of depth provided by automated application assessment tools (such as those used in a vulnerability assessment).
To get a certificate on CER.live, an exchange must prove that pentest complies with all necessary requirements. The final report must demonstrate that the company performed real penetration testing – this will prove the security of users’ funds and personal data. The list of requirements are:
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